Working as veterinary in France

Been a veterinarian is to know how to diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries of pets, such as dogs and cats, and farm animals, such as cattle or sheep. Evaluates symptoms, upon examination of animals; determines nature of disease or injury. Administrate or prescribes treatments and drugs for the pets.

“Veterinarian” means a person registered or licensed by the relevant veterinary statutory body to practice veterinary medicine/science. Veterinary Services means the governmental and non-governmental organizations that implement animal health and welfare measures and other standards and guideline. The Veterinary Services are under the overall control and direction of the Veterinary Authority. Private veterinary organizations are normally approved to deliver functions by the veterinary authority. Veterinarians have the responsibility and competence for ensuring or supervising the implementation of animal health, international veterinary certification and other standards and guidelines.

The Veterinary Services contribute to the achievement of objectives through the direct performance of some veterinary tasks and through the auditing of animal and public health activities conducted by other government agencies, private sector veterinarians and other stakeholders. In addition to veterinarians, several other professional groups are involved in ensuring food safety throughout the food chain, including analysts, epidemiologists, food technologists, human and environmental health professionals, microbiologists and toxicologists. Irrespective of the roles assigned to the different professional groups and stakeholders by the administrative system in the country, close cooperation and effective communication between all involved is imperative to achieve the best results from the combined resources. Where veterinary or other professional tasks are delegated to individuals or enterprises outside the Veterinary Authority, clear information on regulatory requirements and a system of checks should be established to monitor and verify performance of the delegated activities. The Veterinary Authority retains the final responsibility for satisfactory performance of delegated activities.

Veterinary Services in a Farm Veterinary Services play a key role in ensuring that animals are kept under hygienic conditions and in the early detection, surveillance and treatment of animal diseases, including conditions of public health significance. The Veterinary Services may also provide livestock producers with information, advice and training on how to avoid, eliminate or control food safety hazards (e.g. drug and pesticide residues, mycotoxins and environmental contaminants) in primary production, including through animal feed. Producer’s organizations, particularly those with veterinary advisors, are in a good position to provide awareness and training as they are regularly in contact with farmers and are well placed to understand their priorities. Technical support from the Veterinary Services is important and both private veterinarians and employees of the Veterinary Authority can assist. The Veterinary Services play a central role in ensuring the responsible and prudent use of biological products and veterinary drugs, including antimicrobials, in animal husbandry. This helps to minimize the risk of developing antimicrobial resistance and unsafe levels of veterinary drug residues in foods of animal origin.

Another important role of the Veterinarian in France is to provide health certification to international trading partners attesting that exported products of animal health and food safety standards. Certification in relation to animal diseases, and meat hygiene should be the responsibility of the Veterinary Authority. Certification may be provided by other professions (a sanitary certificate) in connection with food processing and hygiene (e.g. pasteurisation of dairy products) and conformance with product quality standards. A veterinarian should carried out in close collaboration with human and environmental health professionals, analysts, epidemiologists, food producers, processors and traders and others involved. In addition to the roles mentioned above, veterinarians in France are well equipped to assume important roles in ensuring food safety in other parts of the food chain, for example through the application of HACCPbased controls and other quality assurance systems during food processing and distribution. The Veterinarians also play an important role in raising the awareness of food producers, processors and other stakeholders of the measures required to assure food safety.

It is estimated that having a veterinarian is very important nowadays, just in Europe there are 230,000 veterinarians, which 17,000 are in France. The countries with higher numbers of veterinarians are: Ukraine, Italy, Germany and Spain. Other countries with high numbers of veterinarians include: United Kingdom, Turkey and France.  The average age between French veterinarians range from 30 years old to 59 years old. The gender split across Europe is almost equal; 53 per cent of veterinarians are female, 47 per cent male. Countries with the highest proportion of male veterinarians are Slovakia and Serbia (both 72 per cent); while Finland and Sweden have the highest proportion of female veterinarians (87 and 80 per cent respectively).

 With this information, regarding French veterinarians are 51 per cent male, and 49 per cent female. Seventy eight per cent of veterinarians – the vast majority – work full-time in Europe. Ninety per cent or more of veterinarians work full-time in Bulgaria Belgium Poland Portugal and Serbia. Seventeen per cent of veterinarians work part-time. The greatest level of part-time working occurs in the Netherlands (31 per cent), Germany and Italy (both 23 per cent) and Switzerland (22 per cent). Across Europe, three per cent of veterinarians are unemployed, while a further 2 per cent are not working for other reasons. The highest rates of reported unemployment are recorded in Spain (8 per cent), Serbia (6 per cent), Italy, and Portugal (5 per cent in each). Several countries report near zero unemploymennt.

Main area of focus; Almost half (48 per cent) of veterinarians focus on companion animals. This is by far the largest area of focus. Fewer than 20 per cent focus on any other area – 18 per cent on food producing animals, 16 per cent on Veterinary public health. The highest proportion of veterinarians focusing on companion animals are in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and France – where at least 60 per cent of veterinarians focus on companion animals.

In France the 85 per cent of veterinarians work full-time and 14 per cent, part-time. However, there are French veterinarians that are Under-employment. “Underemployment” means that veterinarians do not have enough work to adequately fill their standard working hours. It may also mean that veterinarians are paid under the minimum wage, or that they are hired as an Intern. The highest levels of under-employment are recorded by veterinarians in Bulgaria where the proportions are over 90 per cent. Sixty eight per cent of vets in Slovakia say they have been under-employed in the past 12 months, while fewer than 10 per cent of vets in the Netherlands and Serbia report being under-employed. In France, there are 11 per cent of veterinarians that are underemployment. In France, a majority of the profession, 60 per cent, work in private practice. This is the single most popular employment sector. The second most popular sector is public service, which provides employment for 19 per cent of veterinarians. Six per cent of veterinarians work in education and research, 4 per cent in industry and private research. Another 10 per cent of the profession work in other areas as a veterinarian, while just 1 per cent work elsewhere but not as a veterinarian.

In other hand, in France a substantial minority of veterinarians, 14 per cent, have a second occupation. Having a second occupation does not necessarily mean that veterinarians were under-employed in their main field of employment. However, in Europe France and Germany dominate the market, each having an estimated market size of over EUR 3 billion. The value per veterinarian in private practice varies from nearly EUR 300,000 per veterinarian in Norway to below EUR 20,000 in Romania, Bulgaria and Slovakia. Salary of a veterinarian thepractice revenue grossed up for each country. Average practice revenue approximately doubles in each of the practice sizes from an average of EUR 85 000 for a one person practice to EUR 163 000 in a two person practice to EUR 312 000 in a practice with between three and five staff. Revenue averages nearly EUR 800,000 for a practice with six to ten staff, rising to EUR 1.4 million for practices with between eleven and 30 staff. In brief, veterinarian may charge between EUR 32 per hour and EUR 1, 345 average bonus.

The average vet salary in France is EUR 65,597 or an equivalent hourly rate of EUR 32 or more. In addition, they earn an average bonus of EUR 1,345 or more. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in France. This average could change if the veterinarian has more experience. An entry level veterinarian (1-3 years of experience) earns an average salary of EUR 45,953. On the other end, a senior level vet (8+ years of experience) earns an average salary of EUR 81,434.

Years working as a veterinarian; about half of the profession has been working as a veterinarian for more than fifteen years. Nearly one third, 31 per cent, have between six and fifteen years’ experience; 20 per cent five years or less. “Experience” means working as a veterinarian. The proportion of veterinarians with the most experience is highest in Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands and Estonia. The highest proportion of veterinarians with no more than two years’ experience is in Czech Republic (17 per cent) and Portugal (16 per cent).

The French veterinarians working in private industry record the highest average earnings of any employment field. The average is EUR 55,000; salaries in Denmark, Switzerland, France and the Netherlands are around EUR 70,000.  The salary age, average earnings show a clear and consistent relationship between increasing age and increasing earnings. Average earnings rise steeply from under 30 (EUR 21,300) to age 40 to 44 (EUR 40,500). Beyond this, veterinarians’ average earnings continue to rise, initially at a slow rate when veterinarians are in their forties, but at an accelerating rate from age 50 on. Peak earnings are reached at age 60 to 64; after age 65 earnings start to fall. Earnings by Gender in France; In France, there is a 28 per cent differential between male and female earnings; male veterinarians earn an average of EUR 45,800 compared with female veterinarians’ earnings of EUR 32,900. These are average earnings of full-time veterinarians. Average male earnings exceed female earnings in nearly all countries; only in Belgium for example is there exact parity, while Poland is the only country to record higher average earnings for female veterinarians than for male veterinarians. The differential in favor of male veterinarians is greater than 40 per cent in Italy, the Czech Republic, Portugal and Austria. A word of caution; these are the average earnings for all veterinarians, we do not have sufficient data to compare average male and female earnings for each country by field of employment.Working hours the average working week that veterinarians responding to this survey actually worked is 46.8 hours per week, in France. This is 6.6 hours more than their contracts require. Veterinarians in Austria and Sweden for example work longer hours than elsewhere, averaging a working week in excess of 50 hours. In both these countries, veterinarians exceed their contracted hours by an average of 11 hours per week. Holidays and sick days; the number of holidays taken varies quite significantly between veterinarians in different countries, with veterinarians in France taking twice as many holidays as those in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Europe average and French average is 21.7 days.

Retirement and pension; Twenty eight per cent of veterinarians do not currently have a pension plan. This includes 67 per cent of veterinarians in Spain, 59 per cent of Romanian veterinarians, 58 per cent in Portugal and more than 30 per cent of veterinarians in Slovakia, Italy, Finland and France. More than 95 per cent of veterinarians in Switzerland and the Netherlands do have a pension plan. However, only one third of veterinarians with a pension plan believe this plan will be adequate for their needs. Veterinarians in Bulgaria, Serbia, Spain, Poland, Belgium and Portugal record the lowest figures – fewer than 20 per cent of veterinarians in these countries think their pension will be adequate for their needs.